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Here is a brief introduction to the Spanish Stud Book process of inclusion.


What does P.R.E. mean?


It designates a Purebred Spanish Horse registered or listed in the Spanish Stud Book. The letters stand for Pura Raza Española. That is a Purebred Andalusian horse raised with direct Spanish lineage whose parentage is listed in the Spanish Stud Book and are qualified as approved breeding stock. In order to qualify as a P.R.E. these horses must go through inscription and revision process and their parents must be listed as approved breeding stock.



What is the Cria Caballar?


The Cria Caballar is a division of the Spanish Department of Defense that maintained control over the Spanish Stud Book for the Purebred Spanish Horse for the past 100 years. They trained and certified the judges for the shows and conducted the Revision process.



What is ANCEE and its relationship to the Stud Book?


In 2006, the Stud book management was turned over to the Ministry of Agriculture from the Military. The Cria announced that in 2007, the responsibility for management of the stud book was passed on to ANCCE.   ANCCE, or Asociacion de Criadores de Caballos Españoles is the largest breeders association in Spain. ANCCE has been interested for many years in taking on the stud book management.



What does ANCEE do for USA born P.R.E. horses?


1. They approve USA veterinarians through a course study to inscribe the newborn foals into the registry of the Purebred Spanish Horse.

2. They travel to North America to inspect and revise horses at the age of 3 or 4 years old (who have previously been inscribed as foals) to see if they meet standards set by the Spanish government for approval as breeding stock.

3. They register new breeders/owners, maintain records and require farm reports from breeders to manage the stud book.



What is Inscription?


Inscription is the process whereby the Spanish require the foal to be micro-chipped and identified by markings (color swirls, etc.). This information is to be recorded for each foal, by your veterinarian, on the “Certificado de Cubricion” form. The foal must be no older than 6 months of age, except in an ‘Open Inscription” year, which waives the age requirement.


The owner is required to furnish the DNA and parent verification for the foal. DNA and parent verification are absolutely the most important part of the inscription process. Without this information the Cria will not inscribe the foal. Both parents must be approved breeding stock.


After inscription, the Cria examines this information and verifies the foals are of the correct lineage to qualify them as a PRE. They take the paperwork back to Spain to register in the Spanish studbook and provide inscription papers to the owner.


Note: A horse cannot actually be listed as PRE breeding stock until after passing the revision process. Once this is established they issue an international passport called the Carta, their registration papers.



What is Open Inscription?


The Cria Caballar offered Open Inscription for several years in the USA to assist breeders in participating in the process of entering their breeding stock in the Spanish Stud Book.  An Open Inscription year waives the ruling that a horse must be under 6 months of age to participate. Both parents must be listed in the Studbook as approved breeding stock prior to presenting the horse. All foals produced by a stallion or mare are ineligible for presentation until the parents are revised.



What is Revision?


The process of revision involves an evaluation by the appointed official to determine whether or not mares and stallions meet the minimum requirements for approved breeding stock. The horse must be a minimum of 3 years of age and have been through the inscription process with a carta in hand. The requirements are based on minimum height of 1.52 M for stallions, and 1.5 M for mares.  Additionally, the horse must have the overall appearance of correctness and be true to the breed type. They must be free of the disqualifying morphological or conformational defects, such as a fallen crest, a dish face, or in stallions, myst not be monorchid or cryptorchid.  When a horse passes, the original carta will be stamped ‘Apto or Apta’ (signifying that he or she passed). It’s a gender designation. Apto is for stallions and Apta is for mares.  It designates the horse as approved breeding stock.  If the horse is not approved, its offspring are ineligible for the stud book.



What is the Qualified or Calificado and Elite Status?


After achieving the Revision or valoration process, now considered “basic” approval, there are two additional (optional) steps in the process, Qualified and Elite.  Horses must undergo a rigorous evaluation process before a Tribunal which includes critique of conformation, functionality, performance records, health, x-rays, reproductive system, etc.   The Qualified or Calificado evaluation testing is relatively new with only a handful of horses having achieved the Qualified status.  As of 2008 there were only a handful of calificado stallions and mares in the USA. 


The Elite process is under development and designated as the highest status for a small percentage of the best of the breed.



What is ANCCE’s point of contact for the USA?


ANCCE is the largest breed organization of P.R.E. breeders in the world. It is headquartered in Spain. The website is found at 


The ANCCE office in the USA:


USA LG ANCCE  contact Maravillas Perez-Cela

848 Brickell Ave. Suite 307,  Miami, Fl 33131

Ph: 786-264-1108   Fx: 786-999-8617

Email:     Web:




Where can I find additional breed Information?


Check our links page for many wonderful links about the breed.




What about other breed associations & registries in the USA?


The Foundation for the Pure Spanish Horse was established in 1998 to promote and support the P.R.E. horse in the USA. The Foundation established the PRE MUNDIAL in 2008 for Pure Spanish Horses, which is a proponent of the Cria Caballar guidelines and uses the protocol of inscription and revision.  In addition, they have many activities, programs as well as holding shows in the USA; education programs, seminars, a lending library, stallion auctions, PRE rescue, youth scholarships and other exemplary programs. They publish an outstanding quarterly magazine. Website:   The score sheet for the PRE Mundial registry can be seen here:





The IALHA, International Andalusian & Lusitano Horse Assn is the USA based Registry for the PRE (Pure Spanish) , PSL (Lusitano) & PSP (Spanish-Portuguese) and for Half Andalusians. The IALHA is affiliated with the USEF (USAE).  The IALHA in many ways functions as an umbrella much like the AKC maintaining the registry and handling shows.  The annual national breed show is held in Ft Worth, TX and there are regional shows throughout the USA.  Website:




The most recent organization established in December 2007 is USPRE.  The US PRE promotes  the PRE horse through events, clinics and shows, and places an emphasis on dressage. It also assists US breeders with matters relating to the Spanish Stud book.  Contact information:


United States P.R.E. Association

11710 St. Andrews Place, Suite 304

Wellington, Florida, 33414

Tel: (561) 420 3147

The website is located at




Minimum height requirements of the horse at the withers is not less than 1.52 meters (59.84 inches) {15 hands} for the males and not less than 1.5 meters (59.06 inches) {14.3 hands} for the females measured with a stick.

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Andalusian Traits

PRE Breed Standard

Andalusian History

PRE Accepted Colors

Inscription & Revision

Spanish Terminology

Nutrition & Health

SICAB Past Champions

PRE in the Olympics

Airs Above the Ground

Alta Escuela