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~ PRE Pura Raza Espańola Breed Standard ~

P.R.E. Standards & Penalties

 

The Head

 

Standard:

Well Proportioned, of medium length, thin with straight or subconvex frontal nasal profile.

Forehead slightly wide and slightly round.

Face long and moderately narrow (more so on females), subconvex or straight and lean.

Full jaw, lean and with long and discreetly arched jaw line.

 

Penalties

Head excessively large or too small.

Frontal nasal profile concave in any gradations or ultra-convex are considered grave faults; the convex profile is objectionable.

Forehead too wide or flat.

Jaw thick and closed angle.

Overbite, lips thick, fallen or dispigmented.

 

The Ears

Standards:  Ears of average proportions, very mobile, well placed and parallel.

Penalties:  Ears large, fallen, convergent, and/or move abnormally.

 

The Eyes

Standards: Lively eyes, triangular in shape and with an expressive gaze, orbital arches which do not protrude from the profile.

Penalties:  Protruding orbital arches.  Eyes round, bulging, or surrounding area dispigmented.

 

The Nose

Standards:

Nose that narrows gradually, of soft and curved projection from the face.

Almond shaped nostrils and not protruding.

Penalties:  Nose square and wide;  Nostrils round and/or dispigmented

 

The Neck

Standards:

Neck: Of medium size and length, lightly arched and muscular (less in females).

Well inserted at head and back.

Silky and abundant mane.

 

Penalties

Jaw thick and closed angle.

Neck too short or excessively thick, ewe necked, unstable or with a tendency to fall, bad insertion with the body or too thick at its union with the head.

Disqualification: Presence of "Gato" or "Gatillo" (excessive accumulation of fat), resulting in fallen neck or crest, inverted neck, ewe neck.

 

The Trunk

Standards:

Trunk: Well proportioned and robust.

Withers should be discreetly wide and distinguished and in a smooth prolongation to the back line.

Chest of good fullness and deep.

Ribs arched, long and deep.

The back solid, muscular and close to straight.

Flanks extended and abdomen correct.

Loin short, wide muscular, and somewhat arched; well connected to the back and to the croup.

Croup of medium length and width, rounded and slightly inclined downward.

Tail set low and flush against buttocks, thick, long and often wavy hair.

 

Penalties

Underdevelopment, lack of harmony and disproportion between body regions and body dimensions.

Wither low or not noticeable.

Chest narrow or sunken.

Ribs flat in the upper third or excessively arched.

Disqualification: If the height of the horse at the withers is less than 1.52 meters (59.84 inches) {15 hands} for the males and 1.5 meters (59.06 inches) {14.3 hands} for the females, at the age of three years as measured with a stick.

Back flat, sunken or swayed behind the wither, or ascending toward the croup.

Loin sunken or weak, humped, lack of muscle.

Croup excessively rounded, flat, doubled or divided, uneven, dropped and broken, discontinuous from the front to rear profile.

Tail set high, held away and/or curved up from the buttocks, with melanomas underneath, on the anus or perineum.

Disqualification: Monorchd or cryptorchid.

 

The Thoracic Limbs or Front Legs

Standards

Shoulder long, muscular, oblique and elastic.

Arm is strong with a good angle.

Forearm powerful and of medium length.

Knees well developed and lean.

Cannons of proportioned length and well defined and ample tendons.

Fetlocks lean, prominent and with scarce feathery hairs.

Pasterns of good conformation, angle and direction.

Hooves strong, of balanced dimensions, well developed.

 

Penalties:

Pasterns too large, excessively short and upright.

Hooves small or of bad conformation.

 

The Pelvic Limbs or Back Legs

Standard

Muscular thigh, buttock lightly arched and muscular and long leg.

Hock strong, wide and clear.

Legs situated below the tarsal joint should have identical characteristics as those indicated for forelegs.

Legs should be correct.

 

Penalties:

Legs incorrect, basically toed in, toed out, back at the knee, cow hocked.

 

Manifest Characteristics

Hair is fine and short.

Grey and Bay are dominant coat colors; other colors are acceptable.

 

Character Behavior and Temperament

Temperament is brave, calm, sensible, honest animals. They are stoic and docile. Gift for learning paired with the ability to adapt to diverse services and situations.

 

Functional Characteristics and Aptitudes

Standards

Great aptitude to perform diverse functions, easily interprets the rider's aids with a pleasant mouth, obediently, comprehensively, and with extraordinary comfort.

Their principle service is as a mount, with great ability for training (high school, classical dressage and vaquero), bullfighting, light teams or carriages, range activities and other disciplines.

Movements are agile, high, expressive, harmonious, rhythmic.

Special talent for collection and turns on the haunches.

 

Penalties:  Poor elevation, little extension, winging.

Source:

 

Boletin Oficial del Estado

(Legislation Database of Spain)

Spanish Royal Decree 21338 1133/

October 31, 2002

Stipulates the legal regulations of the breed registries, breeders' associations, basic breed zootechnical characteristics, the definition of racial prototype, evaluation of breeding animals. 

Ministerial Order 25418 APA/3319/

December 31, 2002; Article 3. Stipulates the Racial Prototype of the Pura Raza Espańol 

 

P.R.E. Cannon Bone

Measurement

 

There is no longer

a minimum size requirement of the

cannon bone or

knee size with

Spanish Revision.

PRE Mundial follows the Cria Caballar original minimum requirements

in use prior to 2002

Photo  ©Ambrosia Designs

 

P.R.E. Height

Requirements

 

Minimum height requirements of the horse at the withers is

not less than 1.52 meters (59.84 inches) {15H}

for the males and not less than 1.5 meters (59.06 inches)

{14.3H} for the females measured with a stick.

Conversion

Meters ~ Hands

 

1.5           14.3 H

1.52         15.0 H

1.55          15.1 H

1.56          15.15 H

1.57          15.2 H

1.58          15.2 H

1.59          15.25 H

1.6            15.3 H

1.61          15.35 H

1.62          15.375 H

1.63          16 H

1.64          16.05 H

1.65          16.1 H

1.66          16.15 H

1.67          16.175 H

1.68          16.2 H

1.69          16.25 H

Andalusian Traits

PRE Breed Standard

Andalusian History

PRE Accepted Colors

Inscription & Revision

Spanish Terminology

Nutrition & Health

SICAB Past Champions

PRE in the Olympics

Airs Above the Ground

Alta Escuela

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