Boletin Oficial del Estado

(Legislation Database of Spain)

Spanish Royal Decree 21338 1133/

October 31, 2002

Stipulates the legal regulations of the breed registries, breeders' associations, basic breed zootechnical characteristics, the definition of racial prototype, evaluation of breeding animals.�

Ministerial Order 25418 APA/3319/

December 31, 2002; Article 3. Stipulates the Racial Prototype of the Pura Raza Espaol�

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Mastil, Champion of Spain

bred by Miguel Angel Cardenas

"The perfect horse is only a model that exists in our imagination�

�� The wise selection consists of avoiding the serious defects and looking for how to complement the not so serious and slight defects."

����������������������� ~Miguel Angel de C�rdenas


Pure Spanish Horse



Breed Traits & Characteristics


The Andalusian is strongly built, yet extremely elegant.

The typical� Andalusian stands 15.0 to 16.2 hands.

The head is of medium length, rectangular and lean.

The head in profile is slightly convex or straight with a broad forehead and� well-placed ears.

The eyes are alive, oval, and placed within an orbital arch.

The face is straight or softly convex, moderately narrow, and without excess flesh.

The neck is reasonably long, broad, yet elegant and well-crested in stallions.

The mane is thick and abundant.

Well defined withers precede a short back; the quarters are broad & strong.

The croup is rounded and of medium length.

The tail is abundant, set low, and lies tightly against the body.

PRE Breed Standard

Lusitano Breed Standard

Andalusian History

PRE Accepted Colors

Inscription & Revision

Spanish Terminology

Nutrition & Health

SICAB Past Champions

PRE in the Olympics

Airs Above the Ground

Alta Escuela


PRE Pura Raza Espaola Breed Standard

P.R.E. Standards & Penalties


The Head


Well Proportioned, of medium length, thin with straight or subconvex frontal nasal profile.

Forehead slightly wide and slightly round.

Face long and moderately narrow (more so on females), subconvex or straight and lean.

Full jaw, lean and with long and discreetly arched jaw line.



Head excessively large or too small.

Frontal nasal profile concave in any gradations or ultra-convex are considered grave faults; the convex profile is objectionable.

Forehead too wide or flat.

Jaw thick and closed angle.

Overbite, lips thick, fallen or dispigmented.


The Ears

Standards:� Ears of average proportions, very mobile, well placed and parallel.

Penalties:� Ears large, fallen, convergent, and/or move abnormally.


The Eyes

Standards: Lively eyes, triangular in shape and with an expressive gaze, orbital arches which do not protrude from the profile.

Penalties:� Protruding orbital arches.� Eyes round, bulging, or surrounding area dispigmented.


The Nose


Nose that narrows gradually, of soft and curved projection from the face.

Almond shaped nostrils and not protruding.

Penalties:� Nose square and wide;� Nostrils round and/or dispigmented


The Neck


Neck: Of medium size and length, lightly arched and muscular (less in females).

Well inserted at head and back.

Silky and abundant mane.



Jaw thick and closed angle.

Neck too short or excessively thick, ewe necked, unstable or with a tendency to fall, bad insertion with the body or too thick at its union with the head.

Disqualification: Presence of "Gato" or "Gatillo" (excessive accumulation of fat), resulting in fallen neck or crest, inverted neck, ewe neck.


The Trunk


Trunk: Well proportioned and robust.

Withers should be discreetly wide and distinguished and in a smooth prolongation to the back line.

Chest of good fullness and deep.

Ribs arched, long and deep.

The back solid, muscular and close to straight.

Flanks extended and abdomen correct.

Loin short, wide muscular, and somewhat arched; well connected to the back and to the croup.

Croup of medium length and width, rounded and slightly inclined downward.

Tail set low and flush against buttocks, thick, long and often wavy hair.



Underdevelopment, lack of harmony and disproportion between body regions and body dimensions.

Wither low or not noticeable.

Chest narrow or sunken.

Ribs flat in the upper third or excessively arched.

Disqualification: If the height of the horse at the withers is less than 1.52 meters (59.84 inches) {15 hands} for the males and 1.5 meters (59.06 inches) {14.3 hands} for the females, at the age of three years as measured with a stick.

Back flat, sunken or swayed behind the wither, or ascending toward the croup.

Loin sunken or weak, humped, lack of muscle.

Croup excessively rounded, flat, doubled or divided, uneven, dropped and broken, discontinuous from the front to rear profile.

Tail set high, held away and/or curved up from the buttocks, with melanomas underneath, on the anus or perineum.

Disqualification: Monorchid or cryptorchid.


The Thoracic Limbs or Front Legs


Shoulder long, muscular, oblique and elastic.

Arm is strong with a good angle.

Forearm powerful and of medium length.

Knees well developed and lean.

Cannons of proportioned length and well defined and ample tendons.

Fetlocks lean, prominent and with scarce feathery hairs.

Pasterns of good conformation, angle and direction.

Hooves strong, of balanced dimensions, well developed.



Pasterns too large, excessively short and upright.

Hooves small or of bad conformation.


The Pelvic Limbs or Back Legs


Muscular thigh, buttock lightly arched and muscular and long leg.

Hock strong, wide and clear.

Legs situated below the tarsal joint should have identical characteristics as those indicated for forelegs.

Legs should be correct.


Penalties:Legs incorrect, basically toed in, toed out, back at the knee, cow hocked.


Manifest Characteristics

Hair is fine and short.

Grey and Bay are dominant coat colors; other colors are acceptable.


Character Behavior and Temperament

Temperament is brave, calm, sensible, honest animals. They are stoic and docile. Gift for learning paired with the ability to adapt to diverse services and situations.


Functional Characteristics and Aptitudes


Great aptitude to perform diverse functions, easily interprets the rider's aids with a pleasant mouth, obediently, comprehensively, and with extraordinary comfort.

Their principle service is as a mount, with great ability for training (high school, classical dressage and vaquero), bullfighting, light teams or carriages, range activities and other disciplines.

Movements are agile, high, expressive, harmonious, rhythmic.

Special talent for collection and turns on the haunches.


Penalties:� Poor elevation, little extension, winging.


Meters ~ Hands


1.5���������� 14.3 H

1.52�������� 15.0 H

1.55��������� 15.1 H

1.56��������� 15.15 H

1.57��������� 15.2 H

1.58��������� 15.2 H

1.59��������� 15.25 H

1.6����������� 15.3 H

1.61��������� 15.35 H

1.62��������� 15.375 H

1.63��������� 16 H

1.64��������� 16.05 H

1.65��������� 16.1 H

1.66��������� 16.15 H

1.67��������� 16.175 H

1.68��������� 16.2 H

1.69��������� 16.25 H


P.R.E. Height



Minimum height requirements of the horse at the withers is

not less than 1.52 meters (59.84 inches) {15H} for the males and not less than 1.5 meters (59.06 inches) {14.3H} for the females measured with a stick.